The Comorian population of 795,000 people primarily consists of African, Arabic, Asian, European and Malagasy. These groups have mixed significantly over the years, leading to a very diverse cultural identity.

Unlike many places, Comorians have kept intact many of their traditions. Groups of families, generally on the womens side, are grouped in villages. Social life is regulated by belonging to a village which confers rights and duties. Villagers generally use traditional storytelling, to discuss memebers present or absent, keep track of their social status, origin and family history. The village is a real social entity in urban areas as well as in small rural communities.

Almost all of the population is Muslim, with Islam having been spread in the 12th century by the Arab-chiraziens who arrived in the 5th century.