Ngazidja (Grande Comore)

Ngazidja (Grand Comore)

"The Volcano Island"

Ngazidja is the largest island in the west of the archipelago and the closest to the African continent, just 300 km from Mozambique. It is also the newest and largest of the four Comorian islands with its 1148 km2. It is dominated by the Karthala volcano which rises to 2361m above sea level. This volcano is still active and is one of the largest craters in the world, with a vast caldera 3 to 4 km wide. The most recent eruptions occurred in  April and November 2005, May 2006 and January 2007.

Mdjoiezi :

Main entrance of the village is beautiful with a historic carved door.

Mitsoudjé :

It is a great center of woodcarving. Artisans produce doors, cabinets and other objects. Nearby, the ylang ylang plantations make this region the first great producer in Comoros.

Djoumoichongo :

Just above Djoumoichongo is Nioumbadjou, 500 m above sea level and 40 minutes walk from the village of Djoumoichongo. It is an old abandoned mill for over 20 years, today the site is being developed to create the first botanical garden in the country to showcase the Comorian biodiversity, safeguard endemic plants which are endangered, and attempting to limit the uncontrolled exploitation of the forest site. Noiumbajou is  also an important historical site and former home to the first French colonizer Leon Humblot.

Salimani : 

Large farming and fishing village. Also includes historic buildings related to Leon Humblot.

Moindzaza :

Very beautiful and large beach.

Mbachilé :

Large white sand beach and easily accessible mountain hike which provides stunning views.

Iconi :

Visit the city center with the ruins of the ancient palace, the mosque of wana DJIA very old burial (zawiya kadiriya with cemetery some of which are adorned with porcelain china bowls), visit Zawiya chadhoulya, with courtyard and tombs of religious figures.

Bichioni :

Visit Sultan Palace Idarous (Kaviridjéwo), abandoned residence of sultans where you can admire the beautiful Chirazienne architecture with the protective seal of Solomon, the palace Mkorobwani owned Hyna Fe Dezi dating from the XVI th. century. Also visit the Tombs of Said Ibrahim Bin Sultan Said Ali, Tomb of Sultan Ntibé Mlanau s 17th, Chiraziens tombs steles at the foot of Nguni, and Zawiya Chadhouli.

The Forteleza fortification, is the former site of a Portuguese trading post dating from the 16th-17th century.

Defense walls at Nguni, built by Sultan Soudjauma Inkwaba after the first invasion of Madagascar Fombouni.

The famous Nguni volcano overlooking the city and once served, shelters for women, children and old men while men defied the Malagasy pirates; even where these women, Iconniennes, rushed down from the cliff into the sea, and preferring death to slavery.

Moroni :

the capital of the archipelago, visit the medina with narrow streets, lively old market place Badjanani the many mosques and the ancient royal palace, the port with its many dhows, the National Museum CNDRS.

Itsandra :

This city was created in the 10th century, rich in historical monument which the public square, the grave of Said Omar Ben Soumeith famous Mufti died in 1976. The CNAC (the National Centre for Handicrafts), whose mission is to promote traditional Comorian crafts.

Ntsoudjini :

This city was founded in the 15th century, the capital of the Sultanate of Itsandra. Visit the old walls, imagine the Malagasy incursions which took place in the late 18th century.

Ntsaweni :

Visit the mausoleum of the legendary Ben Mohamed Othman Said Or that of Mohamed Issa, Mtswa Mouyidza. This is the first Muslim to have popularized the Koranic education in several regions of Grande Comore in the 17th century and introduced circumcisions in the archipelago. Chiraziennes ancient tombs and Portuguese ruins can also be found here.
Finally, admire the long wall with its monitoring holes and watchtower which served to protect the city from Malagasy incursions.

Mitsamihouli :

Some of the most beautiful beaches in the country are found here including Planet Beach (200 m), Maloudja Beach (150 m) a beautiful beach lined with coconut trees, Galawa Beach (200 m) and finally Trou de Prophet.

Mitsamihouli with its public square, the chirazien arcade  built between 1749 and 1751. In the past, all the decisions of the city were made in this same public square. They also danced the diridji and the Sambe. Also, beside a beautiful colonial mansion stands protected by a magnificent baobab.

Further north, Visit  Lac Salee and the three craters, the salt lake is separated from the sea by a small mountain chain. Continuing north you can find, Bagoikouni,  "The Dragons Back" which runs along the sea near Ivoini.

Crater Batsa Mitsamihouli or the Gou mvaliwa :

This is a very deep crater full of  lush vegetation. During the colonial period, a sugar cane mill was built and still stands there.

Bagwa Kouni :

Two legendary mosques dating back to about 14th century Mosque chioudra which was said to have been miraculously built overnight without the intervention of man. Chirazienne ruins are found next to the mosque chioudra
Equally legendary salt lake, ancient crater filled salée. The salt water lake formed in the hollow of an old volcanic crater beside the sea. The people of this village were said to have refused hospitality to an old lady who was very thirsty; their village was then into the ground, thus forming the crater, then it's salt lake. Another legend says that it is impossible to throw a stone into the lake from the mountain ridge. In actuality it's an optical illusion which makes the distance appear shorter and most attempts result in failure.

The Massif La Grille :

Rises to 1087 m altitude and hosts a beautiful lush forest where you can admire many tropical birds endemic to Comoros.

Bahani :

Admire the mysterious cave of Captain Du Bois and, further north, the Mill site, colonial site, before reaching the lake Hantsogoma, located 950 m above sea level. The vegetation is lush and abundant fruit.

Mbeni :

This city was founded in the 15th century by Inyéhélé, the nephew of the Sultan of Ntsoudjini, capital of Hamahamet. Visit the old Friday Mosque and Inyéhélé royal palace, built by the sultan of the same name. The Bagwé is also significant. This craft shop with samples of perfume extracts and spices for you to discover different scents of the archipelago. Visit the CVP Company, the first confectionery industry in Comoros which uses local products. Also visit the ylang ylang distilleries.

Bouni :

The first Hamahamet capital of the sultanate from 14 th century. You can visit the Old Friday Mosque and the tomb of Sultan 1 FTE MTE WA Kandu, a chirazienne princess and a shepherd. The site is known for its beautiful beach.

Chomoni :

is known for its beautiful beach.

Foumbouni :

Former capital of the sultanate of Badjini . Visit the bagwé, the public square and the adjoining royal palace. Look at the  "salama", this impressive portal where young warriors passed before going to war. This brings luck and ensured visitors are always healthy and sound when they return to the village.

Visit the walls surrounding the city, built in 1798. The steep walls of the defense towers are closer together than elsewhere.

In 1887, these walls would have protected the kingdom of Sultan Hashim, though he was ultimately defeated by French troops.

Male :

Visit its large beach with a length of about 350 m and learn about its history.

Chindini :

The site includes a beautiful white sand beach at the bottom of a large basin which makes a natural shelter against summer weather overlooking the village of Chindini. The views of the village and Moheli and parts of the sea make the Chindini beach an interesting spot to visit on Grande Comore.